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In the rules the following words and expressions have the following meanings:

The rules:

the P&I class rules of the club for the time being in force.

The articles:

the articles for the time being of the club.

The club:

The Standard Club UK Ltd.

Affiliated or associated charterer:

where (1) both the member or a joint entrant and the charterer have the same parent or (2) one of the member, joint entrant or the charterer respectively is the parent of the others. For the purposes of this definition, a ‘parent’ is a company which owns at least 50% of the shares in and voting rights of the others or owns a minority of the shares in the others and can procure that it is managed and operated in accordance with its wishes.

Applicant:

any person seeking to enter a ship on his own or another’s behalf or on whose behalf an application is made.

Board:

the directors for the time being of the club or, as the context may require, a quorum of directors present at a duly convened meeting of the board.

Cargo:

goods (other than a container supplied by or on behalf of a member) carried under a contract of carriage.

Certificate of entry:

a document issued pursuant to rule 12.1 including any endorsement thereto.

Charterer’s entry:

an entry which has a charterer, not being a bareboat or demise charterer, as member.

Container:

any device or receptacle in or on which cargo is carried and which is either designed to be, or expected to be, carried in the ship.

Convention Limit:

in respect of a ship, the limit of liability of the shipowner for claims (other than claims for loss of life or personal injury) at the overspill claim date, calculated in accordance with Article 6 paragraph 1(b) (but applying 334 SDRs to each ton up to 500 tons) of the International Convention on Limitation of Liability for Maritime Claims 1976 (‘the Convention’) and converted from SDRs into US dollars at the rate of exchange conclusively certified by the board as being the rate prevailing on the overspill claim date, provided that, where a ship is entered for a proportion (‘the relevant proportion’) of its tonnage only, the Convention Limit shall be the relevant proportion of the limit of liability calculated and converted as aforesaid, and each ship shall be deemed to be a seagoing ship to which the Convention applies, notwithstanding any provision in the Convention to the contrary.

Crew:

any person employed as part of a ship’s complement under the terms of a crew agreement or other contract of service or employment to serve on board the ship, whether or not on board that ship.

Demise or bareboat charterer:

a charterer who has sole possession of the ship and sole control of her management and crew.

Effects:

includes clothes, documents, navigation and other technical instruments and tools, but does not include valuables.

Fines:

includes penalties and other impositions similar in nature to fines.

General excess loss reinsurance contract:

the excess of loss reinsurance policies as defined in the Pooling Agreement.

Group rating agreement:

any agreement whereby the premiums of the ship are assessed by reference to the record of any other ships which are or were entered through the group in the club, whether the ships are in the same registered or beneficial ownership or not.

Group reinsurance limit:

the amount of the smallest claim (other than any claim, and excluding any part of a claim, arising in respect of oil pollution), including the costs and expenses associated therewith, incurred by the club or by any other party to the Pooling Agreement which would exhaust the largest limit for any type of claim (other than a claim arising in respect of oil pollution) from time to time imposed in the general excess loss reinsurance contract provided that, for the purpose of this definition, all claims (other than claims or parts of claims arising in respect of oil pollution) incurred by the club or by any other party to the Pooling Agreement under the entry of any one ship arising from any one event including any claim in respect of liability for the removal or non-removal of any wreck shall be treated as if they were one claim.

Hague Rules:

the International Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules relating to Bills of Lading signed at Brussels on 25 August 1924.

Hague-Visby Rules:

the Hague Rules as amended by the Protocol Convention signed at Brussels on 23 February 1968.

Hamburg Rules:

the United Nations Convention on the Carriage of Goods by Sea 1978 concluded at Hamburg on 31 March 1978.

Hull policies:

the policies covering the hull and machinery of a ship, including excess liability policies.

Insured party:

the member, any joint entrant and any co-assured in respect of an entry.

Knock-for-knock:

a provision stipulating, as between the owner of the ship on the one part and the owner of the tow and the owners of any cargo or other property on board the tow on the other part, that each shall be responsible for any loss or damage to his own ship, cargo or property and for loss of life or personal injury on his own ship without any recourse whatsoever against the other.

Liabilities:

liabilities, costs and expenses incurred by a member

Managers:

the managers for the time being of the club.

Member:

every owner or other person who becomes and is for the time being a member of the club.

Overspill call:

a call levied by the club pursuant to rule 21.5 for the purpose of providing funds to pay all or part of an overspill claim.

Overspill claim:

that part, if any, of a claim (other than a claim arising in respect of oil pollution) incurred by the club or by any other party to the Pooling Agreement under the terms of entry of a ship which exceeds or may exceed the group reinsurance limit provided that, for the purpose of this definition, all claims (other than claims or parts of claims arising in respect of oil pollution) incurred by the club or by any other party to the Pooling Agreement under the entry of any one ship arising from any one event including any claim in respect of liability for the removal or nonremoval of any wreck shall be treated as if they were one claim.

Overspill claim date:

in relation to any overspill call the time and date on which there occurred the event giving rise to the overspill claim in respect of which the overspill call is made or, if the policy year in which such event occurred has been closed in accordance with rules 21.9 and 21.10, noon GMT on 20 August of the policy year in respect of which the club makes a declaration under rule 21.11.

Owner:

includes an owner, owners in partnership, owners holding separate shares in severalty, part owner, trustee, mortgagee, charterer, operator or manager, builder, insurer or reinsurer who enters a ship in the club or who is a joint entrant or co-assured.

Owner’s entry:

an entry other than a charterer’s entry.

Passenger:

any person carried or intended to be or having been carried on board the ship by virtue of a passenger contract.

Personal data:

any information that relates to or enables the identification of a living person.

Policy year:

the year from noon GMT on 20 February to noon GMT on the following 20 February.

Pooling Agreement:

the Pooling Agreement between the International Group of P&I clubs for the policy year in question.

Premium:

includes estimated total premium, supplementary calls, overspill calls and any other premium which may be due from a member.

Premium rating:

in relation to the ship (not being a ship entered under rule 11 on terms where a fixed premium is payable) the rate per entered ton determined in accordance with rule 18.

Ship:

any ship, boat, hydrofoil, hovercraft or any other description of vessel, whether completed or under construction, (including a lighter, barge or similar vessel howsoever propelled but excluding a fixed platform, a fixed rig and a wing-in-ground craft) used or intended to be used for any purpose whatsoever in navigation or otherwise on, under, over or in water or any part of such ship, or any proportion of the tonnage thereof or any share therein.

Ship risk review:

a survey or inspection of an applicant’s or member’s ship relating to that ship’s structure, machinery, equipment, crewing, navigation, condition, operation, management or any other matter which, in the opinion of the managers, requires investigation.

STOPIA:

Small Tanker Oil Pollution Indemnification Agreement 2006 as amended.

The ship:

a ship which has been entered in the club for insurance.

Tonnage:

the gross tonnage of a ship as stated in the Certificate of Registry or other official document relating to the registration of the ship.

TOPIA:

Tanker Oil Pollution Indemnification Agreement 2006 as amended.

Towage:

any operation in connection with the holding, pushing, pulling, moving, escorting or guiding of or standing by a ship or floating structure.

Unlawful, prohibited or sanctionable:

unlawful, prohibited or sanctionable under United Nations resolutions or the trade or economic sanctions, laws or regulations of the European Union, United Kingdom, United States of America, the place of incorporation or domicile of the member or the ship’s flag state.

Valuables:

money, negotiable securities, gold, silverware, jewellery, ornaments or works of art.

Wilful misconduct:

an act intentionally done or a deliberate omission by an insured party with knowledge that the performance or omission will probably result in injury or loss, or an act done or omitted in such a way as to allow an inference of a reckless disregard for the probable consequences.

References to the masculine gender shall include the feminine gender.

References to singular numbers shall include plural numbers and vice versa.

References to persons shall include corporations.

References to rule numbers shall include any sub-paragraphs of that rule.

Headings and sub-headings are for reference only and do not affect the construction of any rule.

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